Present simple

  1. Add an - S - for third person forms in present simple statements. all other forms stay the same.

I / you / we / they run

He / she / it runs.

     2 . Make negative forms of regular verbs with don't and doesn't.

I don't want to do this.

My friend doesn't live in a safe part of town.

     3. Use the present simple for things that are always or usually true.

He doesn't live in a safe part of town.

     4. Use the present simple for regular or repeated events and habits.

I visited my friend every month.

     5. We often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency , e.g always , never, usually.

Usually I find out it's the fridge or someone next door ... or just nothing.

     6. We often use the present simple to give instructions or directions.

  • You lock the door as quietly as you can.
  • You phone the police on your mobile.

      7. We often use the present simple to tell a story, or to describe a series of events as they happen.

I get slowly out of bed. But then I stop.

      8. We often use the present simple for a review ( of a book or a film, for example).

The film tells the story of a boy who lives in the poorest part of the city. It has an unexpected ending.

Present continuous

         9. Make present continuous sentences with am/is/are+verb+ing.

I'm always lying awake.

It's getting closer

Two round eyes are looking at me.

         10. Use the present continuous to describe an activity in progress now or around now.

Two round eyes are looking at me.

I'm studying two languages : English and spanish.

        11. Use the present continuous to talk about unfinished or temporary actions.

I'm staying at my friend's.

           12. Use the present continuous with always, constantly or forever to criticise.

I'm always hearing noises.

           13. Use the present continuous to talk about situations which are gradually changing.

The noise is getting louder.

           14. We often use the present continuous to describe the background to a story. We use the present simple to describe the events.

It's midnight and I'm holding my breath.

'Don't be silly !' I say to myself.

            15. We don't usually use the present continuous with state verbs ( which describe states, not actions), e.g.

want, sound believe , mean , promise.

I don't want to do this.

That means the downstairs window is open.

            16. We use some state verbs in the continuous form to describe actions.The verb then has a different meaning, some common verbs we use like this are :

appear, expect, feel, have, imagine, look, think, see, smell, taste, weigh.

I think there's someone there.

( think = talking about a belief )

I'm thinking what to do next.

(think = talking about a process)